Reading Comprehension 12

Use the steps to comprehend the text. Read 12th meeting passage:

1. Read the passage quickly and underlined the words that you don’t know

Although noise, commonly defined as unwanted sound, is a widely recognized form of pollution, it is very difficult to measure because the discomfort experienced by different individuals is highly subjective and, therefore, variable. Exposure to lower levels of noise may be slightly imitating, whereas exposure to higher levels may actually cause hearing loss. Particularly in congested urban areas, the noise produced as a byproduct of our advancing technology causes physical and psychological harm but it also detracts from the quality of life for those exposed to it.

Unlike the eyes, which can be covered by the eyelids against strong light, the ear has no lid, and is, therefore, always open and vulnerable; noise penetrates without protection.

Noise causes effects that the hearer cannot control and to which the body never becomes accustomed. Loud noises instinctively signal danger to any organism with a hearing mechanism, including human beings. In response, heartbeat and respiration accelerate, blood vessels constrict, the skin pales, and muscles tense. In fact, there is a general increase in functioning brought about by the flow of adrenaline released in response to fear, and some of these responses persist even longer than the noise, occasionally as long as thirty minutes after the sound has ceased.

Because noise is unavoidable in a complex, industrial society, we are constantly responding in the same ways that we would respond to danger. Recently, researchers have concluded that noise and our response may be much more than an annoyance. It may be a serious threat to physical and psychological health and well-being, causing damage not only to the ear and brain but also to the heart and stomach. We have long known that hearing loss is America’s number one nonfatal health problem, but now we are learning that some of us with heart disease and ulcers may be victims of noise as well. Fetuses exposed to noise tend to be overactive, they cry easily, and they are more sensitive to gastrointestinal problems after birth. In addition, the psychological effect of noise is very important. Nervousness, irritability, tension and anxiety increase, affecting the quality of rest during sleep, and the efficiency of activities during waking hours, as well as the way that we interact with one another.

2. Read again and use dictionary to look for the meaning of underlined words

1.Noise : Kebisingan
2.Defined : ditetapkan
3.Unwanted : diinginkan
4.Recognized : Diakui
5.Pollution : Polusi
6.Discomfort : Ketidaknyamanan
7.Congested : Padat
8.Harm : membahayakan
9.Detracts : Mengurangi
10.Accustomed : Terbiasa
11.Danger : Bahaya
12.Mechanism : Mekanisme
13.Muscles : otot
14.Occasionally : Kadang-kadang
15.Unavoidable : Dihindari
16.Concluded : Menyimpulkan
17.Annoyance : Jengkel
18.Disease : Penyakit
19.Ulcers : Bisul
20.Victims : Korban
21.Anxiety : Kecemasan
22.Affecting : Mempengaruhi
23.Another : Lainnya

3. Summary each paragraph/ gist the main idea of each paragraph

Paragraph 1 : whereas exposure to higher levels may actually cause hearing loss. the noise produced as a byproduct of our advancing technology causes physical and psychological harm

Paragraph 2 : excess eyes of noise
Paragraph 3 : the effects of noise
Paragraph 4 : the conclusions of the researchers

Summary :
noise cause hearing loss, Particularly in congested urban areas. Unlike the eyes, which can be covered by the eyelids against strong light, the ear has no lid. Noise causes effects that the hearer cannot control and to which the body never becomes accustomed. Loud noises instinctively signal danger to any organism with a hearing mechanism, including human beings. In response, heartbeat and respiration accelerate, blood vessels constrict, the skin pales, and muscles tense. researchers have concluded that noise and our response may be much more than an annoyance. It may be a serious threat to physical and psychological health and well-being, causing damage not only to the ear and brain but also to the heart and stomach.

4. Read again and answer the questions given.

1.Which of the following is the author’s main point?
= Noise may pose a serious threat to our physical and psychological health

2.According to the passage, what is noise?
= Unwanted sound

3.Why is noise difficult to measure?
= All people do not respond to it in the same way

4.The word congested in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by?
= crowded

5.According to the passage, people respond to loud noise in the same way that they respond to
= annoyance

6.The phrase as well in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
= also

7.It can be inferred from this passage that the eye?
= enjoys greater protection than the ear

8.With which of the following statements would the author most probably agree?
= Noise is an unavoidable problem in an industrial society