Reading Comprehension 14

Use the steps to comprehend the text. Read 14th meeting passage:

1. Read the passage quickly and underlined the words that you don’t know

The fact that most Americans live in urban areas does not mean that they reside in the center of large cities. In fact, more Americans live in the suburbs of large metropolitan areas than in the cities themselves.

The Bureau of the Census regards any area with more than 2500 people as an urban area, and does not consider boundaries of cities and suburbs. According to the Bureau, the political boundaries are less significant than the social and economic relationships and the transportation and communication systems that integrate a locale. The term used by the Bureau for an integrated metropolis is an MSA, which stands for Metropolitan Statistical Area. In general, an MSA is any area that contains a city and its surrounding suburbs and has a total population of 50,000 or more.

At the present time, the Bureau reports more than 280 MSAs, which together account for 75 percent of the US population. In addition, the Bureau recognizes eighteen megapolises, that is, continuous adjacent metropolitan areas. One of the most obvious megapolises includes a chain of hundreds of cities and suburbs across the states on the East Coast from Massachusetts to Virginia, including Boston, New York, and Washington, D. C. In the Eastern Corridor, as it is called, a population of 45 million inhabitants is concentrated. Another megapolis that is growing rapidly is the California coast from San Francisco through Los Angels to San Diego.

2. Read again and use dictionary to look for the meaning of underlined words. List at least 20 words minimum vocabularies.

1. urban : Perkotaan
2. reside : Berada
3. suburbs : Pinggiran kota
4. metropolitan : Metropolitan
5. themselves : Sendiri
6. Bureau : Biro
7. regards : Salam
8. consider : Pertimbangkan
9. boundaries : Batas
10. Integrate : Mengintregasikan
11. term : Istilah
12. contains : Berisi
13. surrounding : Sekitarnya
14. addition : Selain itu
15. recognizes : Mengakui
16. adjacent : Berdekatan
17. obvious : Jelas
18. across : Di sebrang
19. Including : Termasuk
20. Corridor : Koridor
21. Inhabitants : Mendukung
22. concentrated : Terkonsentrasi
23. growing : Tumbuh
24. rapidly : Cepat

3. Note a main idea of each paragraph.

Main idea :
Paragraph 1 : The fact most Americans.
Paragraph 2 : Data from the census bureau.
Paragraph 3 : Another megapolis that is growing rapidly is the California coast from San Francisco through Los Angels to San Diego.

Summary :
Americans live in urban areas does not mean that they reside in the center of large cities. In fact, more Americans live in the suburbs of large metropolitan areas than in the cities themselves. The term used by the Bureau for an integrated metropolis is an MSA, which stands for Metropolitan Statistical Area. In general, an MSA is any area that contains a city and its surrounding suburbs and has a total population of 50,000 or more. At the present time, the Bureau reports more than 280 MSAs, which together account for 75 percent of the US population. Another megapolis that is growing rapidly is the California coast from San Francisco through Los Angels to San Diego.

4. Read again and answer the questions given. And make a summary of the text

1.Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
= The Bureau of the Census

2.According to the passage, where do most Americans live?
= In the suburbs surrounding large cities

3.According to the Bureau of the Census, what is an urban area?
= An area with 2500 people or more

4.Which of the following are NOT considered important in defining an urban area?
= Political boundaries

5.The word integrate in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to?
= benefit

6.The word its in paragraph 2 refers to?
= the MSA’s

7.The word adjacent in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to?
= beside each other

8.According to the passage, what is a megapolis?
= One of the one hundred cities between Boston and Washington

9.Why does the author mention the Eastern Corridor and the California coast in paragraph 3?
= As examples of megapolises